Today, many jobs are tending to disappear because of AI. Artificial Intelligence, like industrialization, brings with it its advantages, but also signals the end of many human jobs. Which professions are most at risk?
Studies published since the early 2010s predicted the threats posed by the IT boom. Inevitably the end of many human professions was decided in the face of exponential computerization. These ideas were widely criticized. However, only a decade later, these threats seem to be gradually materializing.
Today, with theArtificial Intelligence the promotion of robotization and task automation. The impact of AI on the world of employment cannot be overlooked. Are machines in the process of eliminating certain professions that no longer require human intervention? That’s the question, and we’re going to answer it by presenting a series of professions that could disappear as a result of AI.
We can already see the automatic checkouts in some supermarkets. When the queue gets long, some customers can now do the cashier’s job themselves at a self-checkout. Combined with this automatic teller machines make tasks easier. The idea, of course, is to establish an increasingly autonomous establishment where human intervention is no longer necessary. With the health crisis, the use of cash and coins has declined in favor of contactless payments. The best solution to avoid seeing one’s job disappear would be to move partially towards sales assistance. Because, even if machines and robots can do the cashier’s job, not all customers will automatically know how to operate the machines.
One of the advantages of AI is its ability to process personal data to effectively reach potential customers. The automated reminders are already in use. Traditional telemarketers will soon be replaced by machine-generated voice calls. With the massive collection of data, machines will be able to make predictive analysis to select the best targets. Calls can then be personalized according to the company’s objectives. These jobs will tend to disappear in the face of AI and competition from machines. The latter will soon be cheaper, more personalized and more efficient than hiring humans.
Robotic developments already offer the prospect of delivery robots in Korea and China. They can deliver food in a restaurant, mail, small or large postal packages. All these services can be handled by robots. This solution was rapidly developed in China during the coronavirus crisis. To prevent the spread of the disease, it was necessary to limit all human contact. For example, R2D2-type robots have been used to deliver food to apartments and bedrooms. This determines the whole list of operations that a robot can now perform. Take the elevator, determine the location, signal its presence via a telephone message, and so on. Extraordinary as it may seem, this means that we have less and less need for humans to perform these services.
Of course, it’s not just the simplest services that are threatened by AI. The most difficult human tasks must also beware. Visit mathematics technicians for example, could later be replaced by more computationally powerful machines. And especially if the technician’s role can be performed more quickly by machines. Determining errors, performing or launching calculations, structuring series of algorithms. All these actions, if they are repetitive and organized, are very likely to be done by a computer.
The rigorous reading of titles, abstracts, any academic work has long been dedicated to concerned human reviewers. Today, however, it is possible to have machines read and check for errors. The intelligent error recognitionthe recommendation for change and the automatic correction have existed ever since computers . With Artificial Intelligence, these capabilities are becoming ever sharper, to the point where we don’t need to rely on humans to do them.
Assembly line workers
These tasks are so repetitive that they require the minimum of movement. They can therefore be performed by robots. In the next twenty years or so, assembly-line jobs could disappear, and the reason is AI. Using visual recognitionand selection criteria and theautomatic learningAI could reduce the need to recruit human staff. Those who used to be responsible for inspecting manufacturing faults or gaps in the chain can take a rest. Computers can take over. Particularly as these tasks have been strongly criticized for damaging health and sociability, this will only be of benefit.
Just like on an assembly line, food preparation in fast food is repetitive and static. In fact, the order taking are already automated. It is therefore obvious that certain tasks within the food preparation become automatic. Everything that is done out of habit, that does not require thought, but follows a logic laid down beforehand, will be done by robots. Fast-food employees will find new competition when robot-restaurants take their place. AI research can go as far as establishing an entire restaurant made up of robots from order-taking to preparation and delivery.
Waiters and dishwashers
An American company has already invented automated robots capable of clearing tables of all clutter: cutlery, napkins, leftover food. And to sortingto wash and storage dishes. These robots, currently unaffordable, are on sale. However, they can also be purchased by very high-end restaurants and hotels. The emphasis is on reducing the number of human dishwashing and table service staff. As technology progresses, robotics threatens these professions, which can sometimes be life-saving for students.