Windows Server is Microsoft’s server operating system. Find out everything you need to know about it.
Servers are machines whose operation and use cases differ from personal computers. This is why they require suitable operating systems. To meet these specific needs, Microsoft offers the Windows Server OS.
Windows Server: what is it?
Windows Server is a server operating system by Microsoft. Based on the Windows NT architecture, it provides all the capabilities and functionalities of the operating mechanisms of a standard server OS.
It proposes various server-oriented servicesThese include the ability to host a website, resource management between different users and applications, as well as messaging and security features. It is compatible with most web programming languages and database systems such as .NET Core, ASP.NET, PHP, MySQL and MS SQL.
What are the different server functionalities of the OS?
Server features include Windows Deployment services, DHCP services, or Active Directory Domain services..
These different functionalities allow the remote deployment of an OS on other machinesThis includes creating a static IP address for client machines, controlling the network domain for joining other computers to a domain, and creating domain users.
There are also features such as as SMB Direct for file sharingor support for the Resilient File System.
Windows Server vs. Windows 10: What are the differences?
In addition to the server features listed above, Server differs from Windows 10 in many ways.
First of all, this server OS can support much more powerful hardware. While Windows 10 Pro is limited to 2 TB of RAM, Windows Server can support up to 24 TB.
In addition, Windows 10 Home Edition can only support one physical CPU, and Windows 10 Pro can support a maximum of two. Windows Server 2016, on the other hand, can support up to 64 sockets. Likewise, Windows Server 2016 can support up to 64 sockets, Sever has no heart boundaries. while Windows 10 32-bit is limited to 32 cores and Windows 10 64-bit to 256 cores.
In addition, several features of Windows 10 have been removed from Server. This is the case of Cortana, Microsoft Store, Timeline, or the Edge browser since WS still uses Internet Explorer. It is Cannot log in with a Microsoft account, and therefore import settings from another PC.
I mean, come on, Windows Server costs considerably more than Windows 10. Depending on the size and needs of a company, each license can cost between $500 and $6200. Indeed, this OS is mainly intended for businesses and not for individuals.
Advantages and Disadvantages
One of the advantages of this OS is that it is developed and sold by Microsoft. In fact, updates are regularly deployed and support is provided by this renowned company. Moreover, users accustomed to the Windows environment will easily find their marks.
The compatibility with the ASP.NET framework is one of the main reasons why web designers choose this OS as a hosting solution. They will also find Microsoft tools such as Web Deploy and Visual Studio, and will be able to develop database-driven websites using Microsoft SQL.
On the other hand, compared to UNIXthe open server OS, Server has the disadvantage of consuming more system resources. A powerful machine is required to run it. In addition, this operating system has the bad reputation of being unstable and requiring a reboot more often than UNIX. The cost of Microsoft applications and development tools is generally more expensive than UNIX.
Windows Server version history
The history of Windows Server started in 1993 with Windows NT 3.1 Advanced ServerThis was followed by NT 3.5 in 1994, NT 3.51 in 1995, and NT 4.0 in 1996.
In the year 2000, Windows 2000 is their successor. It was only three years later that Windows Server 2003 was launched, followed by version 2003 R2 in 2005.
New chapter in 2008 with the launch of the 2008 version, followed by the 2008 R2 in 2009. This is followed by the 2012 and 2012 R2 versions in 2012 and 2013. The latest version is Windows Server 2019.which succeeds the 2016 version.