Learn all about HTML

Web jobs are in high demand these days, especially that of the web developer. It can bring in an average annual salary of $73,000. However, web developers use coding languages to bring websites and mobile applications to life. Their foundation is then a good command of HTML.

Table of contents

What is HTML?

HTML is an acronym, meaning HyperText Markup Language. It is a coding language used to define parts of Web pages or mobile applications. Specifically, HTML allows for the proper structuring of a Web page. It allows Web users to create sections, paragraphs and links using elements, tags and attributes. It places the header, footer, images, graphics, videos in the page.

HTML is a standard language industry standard language. It can be understood by all web browsers. It is also the universally accepted standard to make websites “findable” by search engines.

Currently, there are 142 HTML tags available. Even if some of them are no longer supported by browsers, learning them is still important.

How long does it take?

It only takes a few weeks to get familiar with HTML. Investing those few weeks in learning it will always be beneficial as it is a key element of the resume. It can increase the salary in any job.

HTML Structure

LHTML is very easy to know. In personal websites like Myspace for example, it is possible to customize a page with commands inside < >. This is a code HTML.

The beacons

A paragraph and a title are well differentiated by a Web browser. This is because each has its own HTML tag. The HTML tags look like this:

This is a title

;

This is a paragraph. Their uses allows the creation of “elements”, composed of three main parts including the opening beacon, the content and the closing beacon. The opening beacon is used to indicate where an element begins to take effect. To create a paragraph for example, we use the start tag

. The Content is the exit that users see. As for the closing tagis similar to the opening tag, but with a slash before the element name. For example,

to end a paragraph.

Regarding the mediathe images use the tags and the videos the beacons Most elements have an opening and a closing tag, but not necessarily.

Meta-elements and structural elements

In addition, elements can also include meta-elements and structural elements. The meta-elements are HTML elements that users do not see when they visit a Web page. They give Web browsers additional information about the page such as keywords, document author, time and date of last modification. Structural elements are the HTML elements used to organize the content of the Web page.

The attributes

Finally, we can add to the HTML tags attributes. These are instructions that allow to to provide additional information on the elements. For example, an HTML element such as a paragraph may have an attribute indicating its alignment (left, center or right). They are included in the opening tag and consist of two sections: a name and an attribute value. The name identifies additional information that a user wishes to add and the value gives additional specifications.

But how does HTML become a real Web page?

It’s surprisingly simple. The only hardware required is a standard computer. The HTML code can be written as a plain text HTML document in any basic text editor or word processing program. Then it is saved as as an HTML file with .html at the end. These files then become the basis for individual pages of a Web site. They are uploaded as a live Web site through a process called Web hosting. Then, the Web browser reads them and renders their content so that they can be viewed by Internet users.

HTML use cases

HTML features are used in several cases. For Web developmentIt is used to design the display of Web page elements such as text, hyperlinks and multimedia files.

For Internet BrowsingIt allows to navigate more easily and to insert links between pages and related websites. For the Web documentationIt allows you to organize and format documents, in the same way as Microsoft Word.

Difference between HTML and HTML5

The main difference between HTML and HTML5 is that HTML5 supports new types of form controls. HTML5 has also introduced several semantic tags that clearly describe content, such as

,

and

.

The advantages and disadvantages of HTML

Like any other computer language, HTML has its strengths and limitations.

The advantages

HTML is suitable for beginners with its clean and consistent markup. Open-source and free, it is also accessible. HTML is also flexible. It integrates easily with backend languages such as PHP and Node.js.

Disadvantages

HTML is static. The language is mainly used for static web pages. For dynamic features, JavaScript or a main language such as PHP is required. Browser compatibility is also a limitation. Some browsers are slow to adopt new features, and older ones do not even display recent tags.

Binding between HTML, CSS and JavaScript

HTML is insufficient for creating a professional and fully responsive website. Thus, it needs the help of Cascading Style Sheets (CSS) and JavaScript to create the vast majority of the content of the website. CSS is responsible for styles and JavaScript for adding dynamic features.

HTML is now considered as an official Web standard.

Sources & Credits
Source: skillcrush – Credit:

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